United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
.25 in.
Consists of a copy of "Death March: April 14. 1945 - April 24. 1945" written by Benno Fischer in Jun 1945. The testimony describes Fischer's experiences as a prisoner of Flossenbürg, his forced labor in an airplane factory, and his participation in a death march through Bavaria.
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
Contains information about reprisals for sabotage against German soldiers; liquidation of the Riga fire brigade and the establishment of a new fire department by the Generalkommissar of Riga, Oct to Nov 1941; the "Assembly of Representatives of Latvian Organizations" on 11 Jul 1941 in Riga; appointment of the new Wehrmachtsbefehlshaber Ostland in 1941; activities of the SS, Schutzpolizei, and Gendarmerie in Latvia; separation of Germans and native Latvians on the railroads; directives issued by the Generalkommissar giving instruction on the administration of the occupied territories in Ostland; and regulation of travel between the Reichskommissariat and other neighboring territories.
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
Contains information about regulation of rations; recruitment of labor; distribution of alcohol; resettlement of Baltic citizens; statistics for distribution of food supplies and horses; Russian refugees; the 1943 harvest in Ostland; special handling of Poles in Ostland; provisions for and quartering of the Wehrmacht; the "Turiba" organization led by Ernst Puravs; supplies for prisoners in Salaspils (pp. 214-217); and provisions for prisoners of war in Ostland.
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
.5 in.
Consists of selected documents from the Zentrale Staatsarchiv in Potsdam concerning various Holocaust subjects. Among the topics mentioned are anti-Semitism, Jewish refugees from Germany, laws for identification of Jews, and transport lists for Terezin and Auschwitz.
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
[Preliminary] Contains several "Besondere Anordnung" (special orders) concerning Wehrmacht activities in Ostland; sanitation concerns; food rationing for prisoners of war; handling of Soviet prisoners of war; prisoner of war camps in Ostland; and various other military matters including travel; fire prevention; and maintenance of military vehicles in winter. Also included is a 30 Oct 1943 memo from the Wehrmachtsbefehlshaber Ostland mentioning suposed Jewish responsibility for war [p. 130].
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
1 folder.
The testimony contains information about the persecution suffered by Martin Alexander, his immediate family, and other Jews of Berlin before and during the Holocaust. A great portion of the testimony relates to Martin Alexander's experiences while imprisoned at Auschwitz and Birkenau.
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
14 reels.
[Preliminary] Contains information about the German occupation of the Ukraine; the activities of the Reichskommissariat für den Ukraine; the activities of the Einsatzstab Rosenberg; control of partisan activity; police activities in the occupied territories; Reichskommissariat personnel matters; development of agriculture in Ukraine; population of Ukrainian towns and villages; railroad schedules; railroad construction; use of Soviet POWs in labor; Göring's instructions on the organization of an economic headquarters in the East; various libraries, archives and museums under the surveillance of Einsatzstab Rosenberg; activities of the Orthodox Church and its bishops; literature relating to the "Jewish Question"; and war crimes investigation by the Ukrainian Extraordinary State Commission to Investigate German-Fascist Crimes Committed on Soviet Territory. Also included are name lists of Reichskommissariat personnel, construction workers in the eastern oblasts, bishops of the ... Read More
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
21 reels.
[Preliminary] Contains information about activities of the Haupteisenbahndirektion (HBD) Mitte; activities of the Reichsverkehrsdirektion (RVD) Mitte; railroad contruction in occupied areas; railroad personnel; activities of partisans; combatting partisans; use of labor in the railroad system; persecution of Jews and Gypsies; killing of Jews; transports to Minsk; activities of the Organisation Todt; activities of Einsatzgruppen; and activities of German police while fighting partisans. Also included are materials relating to investigations of atrocities conducted from 1945 to 1949 by authorities in various Belarussian oblasts and districts.
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
.25 in.
Consists of a copy of the survivor testimony titled "My Deportation" written by Bernard Nissenbaum. The testimony describes Nissenbaum's deportation from France and his imprisonment in several concentration and labor camps during the Holocaust. Included in the testimony are detailed descriptions of conditions in the Trzebinia camp, the status and treatment of wealthy Jews as compared with other inmates, the division of various nationalities of prisoners in the Birkenau camp, the situation of the "Musselmen" in various camps, the relationships between Kapos and inmates, and conditions in the Warsaw ghetto prior to the uprising.
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
negl.
Consists of a copy of "Hell and Rebirth: My Experiences During the Time of Persecution" by Dr. Edith Kramer. The memoir describes Kramer's experiences as a Jewish physician forced to care for women in varous camps near Poznan, Poland. Also included is information on the inferior medical conditions in the camps, inferior sanitation, the treatment of women, and Kramer's post-liberation acquaintance with Hermann Hesse (Nobel Prize winner) and his wife, Ninon Hesse.