Here are 10 collections in ArchiveGrid about Ken Burns

When a Ken Burns film on PBS ends and the credits roll, I enjoy seeing which names listed as archival sources also contribute collection descriptions to ArchiveGrid. Hopefully ArchiveGrid will help scholars find archival footage for a future Emmy-winning Burns work about American history. In the meantime, we’re paying tribute to our favorite documentary filmmaker’s 61st birthday today by highlighting 10 records in ArchiveGrid describing collections with materials about Burns’ career:

Ken Burns turns 61 today. Image courtesy of Wikimedia Commons.

1. In the Southern Historical Collection at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, there are around 4,900 items in the archives of Burns’ production company, Florentine Films.

2. A script draft at the National Baseball Hall of Fame for the series “Baseball” also includes the music log sheets.

3. An interview on videocassette with Burns was recorded in 1998 as part of a television history collection project at Syracuse University.

4. After the series “The War” came out, Burns gave a presentation at the University of North Florida about his research interests and goals for the film. The DVD recording is in the school’s special collections.

5. Burns also gave a lecture at Brown University and a file for that occasion is in the school’s special events department archives.

6. Thirty-eight boxes in the American Heritage Center at the University of Wyoming include the client files of Gerard F. McCauley, a literary agent who represented Burns.

7. Here is a collection at the Library of Virginia of the Charles McDowell papers. His career in news reporting landed him spots on PBS shows, most notably as a panelist on “Washington Week in Review” for 18 years. McDowell provided voice-overs for Burns’ “The Civil War” and “Baseball.”

8. Papers of another name related to “The Civil War” are at Stanford University. Don Edward Fehrenbacher was a historian, writer, professor, and a Pulitzer Prize-winning author and he was a consultant on the film.

9. The papers at the Rhode Island Historical Society of Maj. Sullivan Ballou, a Woonsocket lawyer and Civil War solder, include a letter he wrote to his wife shortly before dying from wounds. Dated July 14, 1861, it is known as one of the most stirring letters written during the war and Burns featured it in “The Civil War.”

10. Sports history is documented in the papers of Peter Levine, a historian and retired Michigan State University professor. He was a consultant for “Baseball.”

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Since 1887, hope has been kept alive in Esperanto

The Esperanto flag. Image courtesy of Wikimedia Commons.

Ludwik Lazarus Zamenhof “…grew up fascinated by the idea of a world without war, and believed that this could happen with the help of a new international language which he first developed in 1873,” according to the Polish physician’s Wikipedia page. That language became Esperanto, which Google Translate added as its 64th language two years ago after gaining global support in the last century. Considered to be easier to learn than English, Esperanto is a written and spoken blend of various languages and is used today by up to two million people, 1,000 of which claimed is as a native language.

Doctor Zamenhof wrote the first book about Esperanto and it was published on July 26, 1887 under his pseudonym, Doktoro Esperanto. Esperanto means in its own language, “one who hopes.” He hoped Esperanto would bring about international peace, harmony, and neutrality – hopes which are even more relevant today.

Other works by Zamenhof in Esperanto can be found in WorldCat. For archival researchers, ArchiveGrid has leads to collections of materials related to Zamenhof and the history of Esperanto. For example: A search for “Zamenhof” retrieves information about a collection of his letters and pamphlets at the Washington state library. At the state library of Western Australia, there is a collection containing a photograph of Zamenhof and the language’s green and white flag.

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World Cup images aim at archival goals

Germany’s emotional 1-0 victory over Argentina in Sunday’s FIFA World Cup final in Rio de Janeiro repeated history. In 1990, West Germany beat Argentina 1-0 to win the World Cup in Rome and avenged its 3-2 championship loss to Argentina four years earlier in Mexico City.

German World Cup wins before that were by West Germany in 1974 in Munich, against the Netherlands, and in 1954 in Bern, against Hungary. When East and West Germany re-unified after the 1990 World Cup, three German soccer teams merged into the current one governed by the 114-year-old German Football Association (DFB).

West Germany beat the Netherlands 2-1 in the 1974 FIFA World Cup final. After the Cold War, Berti Vogts (second from left) was the first coach of Germany's newly-unified soccer team. Image courtesy of Wikimedia Commons.

Growing with the Germany-Argentina grudge was Annie Leibovitz’s photography career. She was the official World Cup portrait photographer for the 1986 games and ArchiveGrid lists a collection containing one of her images, of a Mayan sculpture with a soccer ball. Leibovitz has since established fame for photographing soccer players for major publications such as Vanity Fair. Hopefully more of her early soccer photography will soon become discoverable online.

Soccer is a photogenic sport. Thanks to organizations who photograph, preserve, and enable access to images from the World Cup, Mario Götze’s winning goal at the 2014 games should go down in history much like Andreas Brehme’s penalty kick in 1990.

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“Sultan of swat” swung into MLB history 100 years ago today

A Babe Ruth baseball card from 1914. Image courtesy of Wikimedia.

Today is the 100th anniversary of Babe Ruth’s Major League Baseball debut after a short assignment with the Baltimore Orioles, which was a minor league team then. At age 19, Baltimore-born George Herman Ruth Jr. arrived in Boston as the new Red Sox pitcher and won the game 4-3 against the Cleveland Naps (now the Indians). His star career with the Red Sox, New York Yankees, Boston Braves (now the Atlanta Braves), and the Brooklyn Dodgers flourished and included seven World Series wins.

Ruth’s last appearance at Yankee Stadium was in 1948 for its 25th anniversary celebration and the team retired his number three jersey. After the celebration, Ruth sent  former Yankee Vice President George Weiss a typed thank-you letter on a Babe Ruth letterhead. The Bambino died two months later at age 53 of cancer. That letter along with other Babe Ruth collections are at the National Baseball Hall of Fame, where he was inducted in 1939.

Such an artifact would make a nice candidate for digitization. It may appeal to English author Shaun Usher of the website Letters of Note where he exhibits scanned and transcribed correspondence with scholarly value. Or if Usher can acquire blank Babe Ruth stationary, an image could go on his eyecandy-of-a-Tumblr, Letterheady.

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Pipe company keeps Missouri corn cob history burning

In “Frosty the Snowman,” Frosty smokes a corn cob pipe, hinting at this time of summer when corn’s cheap and chomped off the cob. In fact, it was 145 years ago when Henry Tibbe, a Dutch immigrant to Missouri, started making and selling corn cob pipes out of his woodworking shop in Washington. Within nine years he had switched to making corn cob pipes exclusively and put a patent on the fire-proofing process he invented for his pipe bowls. He called them Missouri Meerschaum pipes, got the trademark patented, and in 1907 the Misssouri Meerschaum Company was born, along with Washington’s reputation as the corn cob capital of the world.

A corn cob pipe. Image source: Wikimedia Commons

Today the company runs out of the original building, sources its corn from local crops, and has enough cobs stored to sustain its handcrafted production for three years. History researchers may be interested in trolling the Tibbe family papers at the State Historical Society of Missouri. Or seeing a photograph at Library of Congress of General Douglas MacArthur famously smoking a corn cob pipe. Mark Twain also must have helped business at Missouri Meerschaum because he too was known for smoking that pipe type. So was Popeye, and characters in Normall Rockwell paintings.

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70 years ago, Versailles peace treaty led to political discord in the U.S.

Last month this blog featured the 75th anniversary of the start of World War I, when Archduke of Austria Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie were assassinated in Sarajevo by a teenage Serbian rebel. On June 28, exactly five years after the assassination, warring countries signed the Treaty of Versailles in the French palace’s Hall of Mirrors, officially ending the “war to end all wars.”

What was being there on that day like? In ArchiveGrid, researchers can learn about a unique collection at the University of Maine that holds some answers: A first-hand account of the scene outside the palace, and later in Paris.

Records also found in ArchiveGrid are papers at George Washington University from the peace conference; copies of telegrams from Versailles at the U.S. Army Heritage and Education Center documenting the agreement; photographs taken by Wilson’s aide in France at the Hagley Museum and Library; and materials in the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace collection at GWU, documenting these historical events.

President Woodrow Wilson (right) with British, French, and Italian delegates at the 1919 Paris Peace Conference. Image courtesy of Wikimedia Commons.

The Treaty of Versailles was part of a series of international peace treaties that came out of the 1919 Paris Peace Conference, which U.S. President Woodrow Wilson attended and returned from 70 years ago this week. Mixed approval at home of the Treaty of Versailles had Wilson trying to garner support for it all summer until he suffered a stroke.

A major opponent of the treaty was Republican Senate Leader Henry Cabot Lodge, mainly because it allowed the newly-formed League of Nations to declare war without a U.S. vote. Wilson and Congress didn’t agree on terms. That November when it was time for countries represented at the Paris Peace Conference to pass the treaty, the U.S. declined.

In 1921 under President Warren Harding, Germany and the U.S. officially ended their hostilities – they started in 1917 when Germany tried to ask Mexico to side against the U.S. Still, not signing the Versailles treaty kept the U.S. out of the League of Nations until after World War II when it became the United Nations, and gave the U.S. the voting power Lodge wanted.

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Slugger’s gracious farewell speech still a hit after 75 years

One of the most lasting and heroic Fourth of July oratories of the 20th Century celebrates 75 years today.

Known as “The Iron Horse” during his professional baseball career with the New York Yankees, Henry Louis “Lou” Gehrig played in a record 2,130 consecutive games between 1923 and 1939. He was a seven time All-Star, a two time MVP and a six time World Series champion.

A 1933 Lou Gehrig baseball card. Image courtesy of Wikimedia Commons.

Ironically, the first baseman known for his rugged durability fell to a progressive neurological disease known as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), now often called Lou Gehrig’s Disease.

Gehrig was forced to give up baseball forever at the age of 35. In ArchiveGrid, there is a record for a collection at the National Baseball Hall of Fame consisting of a letter Gehrig wrote to his wife in the spring of 1939 after he removed himself from the team’s lineup to rest.

About a month later, a Mayo Clinic doctor explained Gehrig’s condition and that he can no longer play baseball. That letter is also at the hall of fame.

Instead of wallowing in his misfortune, Gehrig re-established himself not only as a hero to baseball fans, but created a lasting American tribute to gratitude.

In the two most famous stanzas of his speech delivered at Yankee Stadium, Gehrig speaks his mind about his good fortune to play the game he loved so much with so many great people: “today I consider myself the luckiest man on the face of this earth….So I close in saying that I may have had a tough break, but I have an awful lot to live for.”

As if to prove the words were delivered straight from his heart, no full copy of the speech exists. There are only partial recordings, but they are enough.

The disease claimed Gehrig’s life in 1941, at the age of 37. But in his final speech to faithful fans on July 4, 1939, he left a final message of hope, optimism and grace that will last throughout the ages.

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WWI centennial uncovers old wounds

Considered the start of chain of events that led to World War I, the assassination in Sarajevo of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his wife occurred 100 years ago this Saturday.

Archduke Franz Ferdinand with his wife Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg. Image source: Wikimedia Commons.

The shots were carried out by Gavrilo Princip, a Serbian teenager from Bosnia who was part of a revolutionary group that opposed occupation of Bosnia and Herzegovina by Austria-Hungary. Ferdinand was heir to that empire’s throne. Princip, whose father opposed the Ottoman empire when it occupied the area, wanted an independent Yugoslavian nation for Serbs and other Balkan ethnic groups.

Most historians agree Ferdinand’s death ignited what had been a “powder keg” of tensions stemming from decades of conflict between empires, countries, and ethnic groups. Austria-Hungary and Serbia went to war. Sides formed, and World War I erupted. It lasted for four years, leaving tens of millions of soldiers, civilians, and war horses dead, wounded, and traumatized.

The United States didn’t get involved until 1917, when it intercepted an encrypted note from Germany to Mexico requesting an alliance against the U.S.

The losing countries fell into ruin, especially Germany, and the “war to end all wars” paved the way for nationalist groups responsible for World War II activity to take root. The former ruling empires dissolved and Yugoslavia was formed. So Princip today considered either a hero or a terrorist, depending on where his name is mentioned. A scholarly conference held last week in Sarajevo to mark the war’s centennial revealed that conflicting political viewpoints about who was responsible for it are still contentious.

All quiet on the Western Front by Erich Maria Remarque and The poems by Wilfred Owen are prominent examples of works about World War I by people who were in the throes of it. Remarque was a German solder and his papers can be found in ArchiveGrid. Owen fought for the British and his papers are also in ArchiveGrid. Another interesting collection at the Center for American History at the University of Texas documents the experiences of 20 American soldiers.

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Grant to enhance outdoor theater archive at ECU’s Joyner Library

A Midsummer Night's Dream at the 2013 Oregon Shakespeare Festival. Image source: www.osfashland.org

Put me in the category of Oregonians who hasn’t been to the Oregon Shakespeare Festival in Ashland, but will someday go. For nearly 80 years, the Tony award-winning OSF has attracted audiences to its outdoor Shakespearean stage plays each summer and more recently to indoor plays by other classical and contemporary playwrights.

Although OSF has its own archive, the professional theater company is a member of the Institute of Outdoor Theatre at East Carolina University’s College of Fine Arts and Communication. IOT membership provides the OSF and other theaters around the world with technical assistance, documentation of best practices in the field, management and feasibility studies, networking and conference activities, and other support.

More than 600 performing arts organizations, some dating back to the 1920s, have joined the IOT since it began in 1963. That means over time, the IOT has grown an archive of photographs, video and audio recordings, publicity materials, feasibility studies, original research, and other materials. Now the archive is on its way to reaching more researchers – especially set builders, folklorists, and historians.

A $56,290 National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC) grant awarded this month to ECU’s Joyner Library will help pay to process the collections and publish a detailed EAD finding aid. ECU matched the one-year grant so a total of $119,500 can go toward the IOT archive project. The NHPRC of the National Archives funds projects  promoting the preservation and use of the nation’s most valuable archival resources.

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A view of life masks in ArchiveGrid

James Leo Herlihy life mask. Image courtesty of University of Delaware Special Collections.

In a post last week listing archival materials which could undergo replication with a 3-D printer, we pointed out life masks of Abraham Lincoln and Ludwig van Beethoven as possible candidates.

We then asked ArchiveGrid contributors what valuable items in their collections they would replicate with 3-D technology. Rebecca Johnson Melvin at the University of Delaware Library’s Special Collections pointed us to their life mask – a plaster cast of James Leo Herlihy’s face made while he was alive. Herlihy was an American writer and actor and his life mask is part of a collection of his letters.

Here are some other faces revealed by a search in ArchiveGrid for “life masks”:

  • Poet John Keats at Harvard University, where the largest collection of his papers is held.

Is there a life mask in your collection, or have you learned about one in your research? Let us know in the comments below or by emailing us.

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