United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
10 folders
The Sara Szrojt papers comprise documents and photographs concerning Sara Szrojt, a Polish Jewish woman who survived the Holocaust and detention in a Soviet Union forced labor camp, where she helped build a railroad and worked in a kitchen. The documents in this collection are primarily postcards written to Sara while interned in the labor camp in 1941 from her mother and father. The photographs depict the Szrojt family and friends before and after the war in Lublin, Poland, images of the Soviet forced labor camp, and images of a Jewish cooperative of upholsterers and curtain-makers in Wrocław, Poland around 1950.
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
12 folders
The Luba Mendelsberg letters is comprised of correspondence collected by Luba and her husband Meyer while they were living in New York City in the years immediately following World War II. The letters are primarily from Luba’s nephew, Samuel Krum, a veteran of the Polish Army who had been captured by Soviet forces and forced to build railroads in Siberia before eventually returning to Warsaw to find his entire family had been killed in concentration camps. The letters are written predominately between 1946 and 1954 and describe life for Jewish refugee families in post-war Warsaw, the struggle to obtain visas to emigrate from Poland, and Samuel’s emotions in the years immediately following the Holocaust. Also included in a photograph of Samuel in his armed forces uniform shortly before the outbreak of war and a postcard to Luba from a different nephew who later perished.
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
1 folder.
Contains information about Richard Wharton's experiences as a participant in the invasion of Italy and the liberation of Dachau. The testimony focuses on the desperation felt by Wharton after the death of a child in the camp.
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
1 folder.
Consists of copies of a typed manuscript and the printed version of "For the Good of All ... Anti-Semitism: Are Jews Still Expendable?" by Emanuel A. Winston. The article is the author's reaction to the silence kept by the Allied leaders during World War II while the Nazis exterminated the Jews of Europe. A great part of the article is devoted to drawing parallels between the Holocaust and Jewish-Arab problems of the Middle East in the 1980s.
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
.5 in.
Consists of a copy of a survivor testimony written by Gabriel Mermall in diary form. The diary recounts the experiences of Mermall and his son, Tommy, during six months of hiding in a forest near the Carpathian Mountains. The diary also contains information about Christians who aided Mermall and his son, activity of partisans in Hungary, and the advance of the Soviet Army at the end of World War II. Portions of the testimony are written in narrative form and are intermingled with the diary entries.
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
1 folder.
Includes testimonies of several Hungarian Holocaust survivors. The testimonies describe life in the Auschwitz concentration camp, transports of Hungarians to Auschwitz, the selections conducted by Dr. Josef Mengele, life in Hungarian ghettos, and the experience of the workers in the so-called "Canada" supply facility at Auschwitz.
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
negl.
Contains information about Sophie Miklos and her experiences of persecution in Romania, deportation to the Oradea ghetto, imprisonment at Auschwitz, and liberation by the Red Army.
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
Contains information about regulation of rations; recruitment of labor; distribution of alcohol; resettlement of Baltic citizens; statistics for distribution of food supplies and horses; Russian refugees; the 1943 harvest in Ostland; special handling of Poles in Ostland; provisions for and quartering of the Wehrmacht; the "Turiba" organization led by Ernst Puravs; supplies for prisoners in Salaspils (pp. 214-217); and provisions for prisoners of war in Ostland.
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
.5 in.
Consists of selected documents from the Zentrale Staatsarchiv in Potsdam concerning various Holocaust subjects. Among the topics mentioned are anti-Semitism, Jewish refugees from Germany, laws for identification of Jews, and transport lists for Terezin and Auschwitz.
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
[Preliminary] Contains several "Besondere Anordnung" (special orders) concerning Wehrmacht activities in Ostland; sanitation concerns; food rationing for prisoners of war; handling of Soviet prisoners of war; prisoner of war camps in Ostland; and various other military matters including travel; fire prevention; and maintenance of military vehicles in winter. Also included is a 30 Oct 1943 memo from the Wehrmachtsbefehlshaber Ostland mentioning suposed Jewish responsibility for war [p. 130].