1.05 cubic ft. (3 doc. boxes).
Pursuant to two Massachusetts legislative initiatives (Resolves 1865, c 62; Resolves 1866, c 92), successive commissions on the hours of labor investigated that topic as documented by the series.
The first (five-member) commission (box 1) surveyed by questionnaire (Sept. 9, 1865) employers, employees, and union leaders concerning workday length, child labor, education, wages of women, and possible effects of decreased hours on business investment, commodity prices, and incidence of vice and crime and held related hearings (Nov. 17-30, 1865). Series contains hearing transcripts, completed questionnaires, and associated correspondence. Final report is found in House legislative documents (1866 House no. 98, Feb. 7, 1866). Proposed legislation therein to reduce workday hours was not enacted.
The second (three-member) commission (boxes 2-3) continued investigation into social, educational, and sanitary conditions of industrial classes. Questionnaire (Oct. 3, 1866) was sent to employers, employees (including some labor leaders), and superintendents of correctional institutions, as included in series with associated correspondence. Final report is found in House legislative documents (1867 House no. 44, Jan. 11, 1867), including minority report recommending specific limits on hours of certain workers. Also included are British pamphlets on labor issues.
Agency history record (CStRLIN)MASVAH0350-A/(OCoLC)122581427 describes the history and functions of the Commission on the Hours of Labor.