Manley-Hot Springs Resort records, 1906-1911

Manley, Frank G.


0.45 cu. ft.
The Manley-Hot Springs Resort Records consist of photocopies of six ledgers (1907-1911) relating to Frank Manley's Hot Springs Resort at Manley Hot Springs, Alaska; one daily log of occurrences at the resort (February to June 1909); one ledger (1906) and one time book (1907-1908, 1911) relating to Manley's other business enterprises in the Manley Hot Springs region; and a small book of accounts outstanding (1901-1902) that may relate to Manley's affairs elsewhere in Alaska. The resort ledgers include a hotel register for 1907-1908, three double-entry account books (1907-1911), a mess account (1907-1909), and a trial balance for 1910-1911. In addition to providing insights into the resort's expenses, income, and operations and Frank Manley's involvement in local mining, the various ledgers list many individuals whose names are not found in such common reference works as Polk's Alaska-Yukon Gazetteer and Business Directory.
The man known in Alaska as Frank G. Manley was born Hilliard B. Knowles in Coryell County, Texas, in the 1860s. He came north with the gold rushes of the late 1890s and attained success as a miner and entrepreneur in the Yukon and Alaska. Among his many enterprises was the Hot Springs Resort, a three-story 45-room log hotel with natatorium, greenhouses, and other amenities. Built at Hot Springs (now Manley Hot Springs), Alaska, in 1907, the complex was heated with the area's thermal springs and raised its own produce to supply its restaurant. Situated between Fairbanks and Tanana in a region with many gold-bearing creeks, it served both travelers and the local mining population. Secondary accounts differ as to whether the hotel burned in 1911 or 1913. By that time, however, Manley had already redirected his energies to the next big gold strikes at Iditarod and Chisana, Alaska. He eventually retired to California, where he died in 1933.
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