Kashshāf Selections

Zamakhsharī, Maḥmūd ibn ʻUmar, 1075-1144

Details

1 v. ([187] leaves) ; 27 cm.
Hermeneutics and commentary on the Qurʼān, its language, style and rhetoric by Abū al-Qāsim Maḥmūd ibn ʻUmar al-Zamakhsharī al-Khawārizmī (1075-1144), a prolific and famous Muʻtazilī scholar; born in Zamakhshar, a village in Khawārizm (Khorazm viloi︠a︡ti, Uzbekistan), traveled to and lived in Mecca "jāwara", hence his epithet: Jār Allāh, died in al-Jurjānīyah, a village in Khawārizm. The present manuscript is part three (al-juzʼ al-thālith) of the original work, starts with the commentary on Sūrat al-Tawbah and ends with Sūrat al-Isrāʼ. Name of copyist and place and date of copying not mentioned, probably from the 14th or 15th century.
Incipit: "Sūrat al-Tawbah Madanīyah wa-hiya miʼah wa-thalāthūn āyah wa-qīla wa-tisʻ wa-ʻishrūn, wa-la-hā ʻiddat asmāʼ: Barāʼah, al-Tawbah, al-Muqashqishah, al-Mubaʻthirah, al-Musharridah, al-Mukhziyah, al-Fāḍiḥah, al-Muthīrah, al-Ḥāfizah, al-Munakkilah, al-Mudamdimah, Sūrat al-ʻAdhāb li-anna fīhā al-tawbah ʻalá al-muʼminīn wa-hiya tuqashqishu min al-nifāq ay tubriʼu minhu wa-tubaʻthiru ʻan asrār al-munāfiqīn tabḥathu ʻanhā wa-tuthīruhā wa-taḥfizu ʻanhā wa-tafḍaḥuhum wa-tunakkiluhum wa-tusharriduhum wa-tukhzīhim wa-tudhamdhimu ʻalayhā [ʻalayhim]. Wa-ʻan Ḥudhayfah: Innakum tusammūnahā Sūrat al-Tawbah wa-hiya Sūrat al-ʻAdhāb. Wa-Allāhi mā tarakat aḥadan ḥattá nālat minhu."..
19 x 26.5 cm; written surface: 15 x 20.5 cm, 21 lines per page.
Bound with flap.
In good naskh script, some wormholes; no catchwords.
On title page: "al-Juzʼ al-thālith min al-Kashshāf ʻan ḥaqāʼiq al-Tanzīl taʼlīf al-Imām al-ʻallāmah al-Zamakhsharī raḥmat Allāh ʻalayh."..
On cover: "al-Juzʼ al-thānī [sic] min al-Kashshāf, nuskhah qadīmat al-zamān ʻadīmat al-aqrān, awwaluhu min Sūrat al-Tawbah ilá ākhir Sūrat Banī Isrāʼīl wa-yatlūhā Sūrat al-Kahf min al-Tanzīl."..
The last two leaves are blank.
Ends with: "... Fa-in qulta kayfa lāqa wa-ṣfuhu bi-nafī al-walad wa-al-sharīk wa-al-dhull bi-kalimat al-taḥmīd qultu li-anna man hādhā waṣfuhu huwa alladhī yaqdiru ʻalá īlāʼ kull niʻmah fa-huwa yastaḥiqqu jinsa al-ḥamd. Wa-kāna al-Nabī ṣallá Allāh ʻalayhi wa-sallam idhā afṣaḥa al-ghulām min Banī ʻAbd al-Muṭṭalib ʻallamahu hādhihi al-āyah. ʻAn Rasūl Allāh ṣallá Allāh ʻalayhi wa-sallam: 'Man qaraʼa Sūrat Banī Isrāʼīl faraqqa qalbuhu ʻinda dhikr al-wālidayn kāna la-hu qinṭār fī al-Jannah wa-al-qinṭār alf ūqīyah wa-miʼatā ūqīyah'."..
Colophon: "Tamma al-juzʼ al-thālith min al-kitāb bi-ḥamd Allāh wa-ʻawnih, yatlūhu fī al-rābiʻ Sūrat al-Kahf in shāʼa Allāh taʻālá. Wa-al-ḥamdu lillāh Rabb al-ʻĀlamīn wa-ṣalawātuhu ʻalá Sayyidinā wa-Nabīyinā Muḥammad khātim al-nabīyīn wa-ʻalá ālihi wa-ṣaḥbihi ajmaʻīn."..
Maḥmūd ibn ʻUmar al-Zamakhsharī, al-Kashshāf ʻan ḥaqāʼiq al-Tanzīl wa-ʻuyūn al-aqāwīl fī wujūh al-taʼwīl. General Collection, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Yale University.
In Arabic.
Forms part of the Hartford Seminary Collection. For a description of the collection, search by call number: Hartford Seminary.

Related Resources

View this description in WorldCat: http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/900196726